By the end of the class, the Students are able to
Master the structure and basic usage of the present perfect tense.
Master the rules of forming the past participle of verbs.
Master some expressions of time used in the present perfect tense.
Teaching main points and difficulties:
How to understand adverbs of time and use them with the present perfect tense correctly.
To understand the differences between the present perfect tense and the simple past tense.
Teaching preparation: PPT, a computer
Step 1 Warming up and leading in
Listen to an English song
Simply talk about the song. (some sentences)
Ask some questions about the part of Reading
How long has Mr Chen lived in Sunshine Town?
Can Mr. Chen see his old friends as often as before? Why?
Present the answers on the screen.
He has lived there since he was born.
No. Because most of his old friends have moved away.
Ask Ss to pay more attention to the underlined parts. T explains to let Ss understand the structure
Step 2 Presentation
Explain the use of the present perfect tense.
eg. I have written some words on the blackboard already. (现在的结果是
eg. I have been a teacher since I left my college (大学).
I have been a teacher for about 20 years.
eg. I have watched the TV show many times. (设计意图
Practice on PPT (设计意图
Show the following words: already, yet, since, ever, never, just, for and recently by PPT.
Step 3 Further understand the structure of the present perfect tense.
Ask Ss to look at the above sentences on ppt. again to find out the structure of the present perfect tense
Present positive statements of the present perfect tense.
Present negative statements of the present perfect tense.
Practice on PPT.
Explain the form of past participle. 大多数过去分词的构成
Ask Ss to read the words on the table on PPT
Ask Ss to finish Part B on P14, then check the answers.
③ Ask Ss to finish Part C first, then ask two Ss to read the conversation to check the answers.
Explain the differences between the simple past tense and the present perfect tense. 我们用一般过去时谈论过去发生的动作
Step 4 Practice 用括号中动词的适当时态形式填空
I _________ (see) the 3D film Avatar. It’s amazing! I _________ (see) it a month ago.
—Is your grandfather still alive? —No, he _____ already ______ (die). —When _______ he _______(die)? — He _______ last year(die).
Mr. Li _______ (begin) to work in this factory in 1990. He ___________ (work) in the factory for 20 years.
Step 5 Summary Present Perfect Tense
1. Vocabulary: yet , recently , ever , just , never, already
2. Structure: have/has + P.P 3. The constituent of P.P:
1).regular verbs: 加ed
2) irregular verbs: AAA ABA; ABB; ABC
Step 6 Practice Let’s try! I’m sure you can do it well. Multiple choice.
— _______ you ever _______ with a group? — Yes, I have.
A. Did; study B. Are; studying C. Were; studying D. Have; studied
2) — Lucy, _____ you ____ your ticket? — Not yet.
A. did; find B. have; found C. has; found D. do; find
3) My grandmother ______ a lot of changes in Tianjin since she came here.
A. sees B. can see C. will see D. has seen
4) My aunt is a writer. She ______ more than ten books since 1980.
A. writes B. wrote C. has written D. will write
5) — Why won’t you go to the movie with me, Gina?
— Because I ______ it twice.
see B. have seen C. saw D. will see
— China develops so fast. — That’s true. It ______ a lot already.
changes B. changed C. will change D. has changed
Julia isn’t going to the cinema with us because she ______ the film.
sees B. saw C. will see D. has seen
— Look at these stamps. I _______ them for five years
— Wow, they are wonderful.
kept B. have kept C. have bought D. keep
Step 7 Homework
Review the structure and usage of the present perfect tense.
Recite the irregular past participle verbs we’ve learned in this class.
Preview the part of Integrated skills.
Present Perfect Tense * Vocabulary: yet , recently , ever , just , never , already
* Structure: have/ has + P.P * The constituent of P.P:
regular verbs: +ed; +d; 变y为i+ed; 双写辅音字母+ed
2) irregular verbs: AAA; ABA; ABB; ABC